Volume 7 - 2017 - Issue 2

1. Myxomycetes associated with grassland litter in the Philippines

Authors: Carascal MB, Rea MAD, Dagamac NHA and dela Cruz TEE

Recieved: 22 March 2017, Accepted: 08 April 2017, Published: 11 April 2017

Myxomycetes are homogenous group of eukaryotic fungus-like protists that are commonly associated with any decaying plant materials. Since no report of myxomycete association in grass litters were reported for the Philippines, a myxomycete survey employing moist chamber technique was conducted from 300 grass litter samples collected from ten different grassland areas in the country. Our results showed that 81% of the moist chambers yielded myxomycetes either as fruiting bodies or plasmodia. Species of myxomycetes identified in this study included the genera Arcyria, Badhamia, Collaria, Comatricha, Cribraria, Diderma, Didymium, Lamproderma, Perichaena, Physarum and Stemonitis. These species can easily be dispersed by wind and hence, their presence in the collected substrata. The cosmopolitan species Arcyria cinerea and the common grass myxomycetes Physarum cinereum were reported to be abundant among the myxomycetes recorded. Overall, the study presented the myxobiota present in tropical grasslands and grass patches found in the Philippines. 


Keywords: microhabitats- leaf litter-slime molds- species distribution


2. Russula sarnarii sp. nov. (Russulaceae, Basidiomycota) from Indian Himalaya

Authors: Ghosh A, Das K and Bhatt RP

Recieved: 08 December 2016, Accepted: 07 April 2017, Published: 17 April 2017

Russula sarnarii (R. Subg. Russula sect. Polychromae subsect. Integriforminae) growing under Pinus forest at Uttarakhand is presented in this paper as a novel species. It is characterized by small to medium sized basidiomata with pink rose to pastel pink colored lobed pileus, lamellae with different lengths of forkation and occational interveination, at least 4 lengths of lamellulae, dark yellow spore print, basidiospores with thick ridges, different types of cystidial apex (remarkably appendiculate cystidia with long appendages), branched, septate, erect, hair-like cuticular hyphae with attenuate or partially sharp hyphal extremites and occurrence under Pinus roxburghii. A detailed morphological description, illustrations, color photographs and ITS-based phylogeny are given for this new Russula species. 


Keywords: novel taxon- phylogeny- Russulales- taxonomy- Uttarakhand Himalaya


3. Presence of important agro-economic fungi in common frugivorous bats from southcentral Mindanao, Philippines

Authors: Jumao-as C, Cabasan MTN, Manceras LJ, Tabora JAG, Tangonan NGT, and Tanalgo KCT

Recieved: 23 February 2017, Accepted: 08 April 2017, Published: 23 April 2017

Bat association to microorganisms such as fungi has become a concern to many wildlife ecologists. This study aimed to identify fungal species present from common frugivorous bats in southcentral Mindanao, Philippines. Agro-economically important fungal species were sampled from different body parts of common fruitbats. The fungal samples were grown and purified on Sabouroud Dextrose Agar medium. A total of 58 fungal isolates under three fungal genera (Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Fusarium) were morphologically identified. Among fruitbats, Cynopterus brachyotis has the highest number of isolates. While Aspergillus was the most common fungal group recorded among fruitbats. Consequently, the result of this study will open the investigation on the roles of agroeconomic fungal groups in the ecology and conservation of frugivorous bats. 


Keywords: Chiroptera- Fungal Diversity- Fusarium- Orchard


4. Aspergillus homomorphus, a first global record from millet grains

Authors: Nemmat Hussein, Abdel-Hafez SII, Abdel-Sater MA, Ismail MA and Eshraq AL-Amrey

Recieved: 26 March 2017, Accepted: 19 April 2017, Published: 21 May 2017

During surveys of mycobiota associated with millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) grains from Taiz Governorate, Yemen, an interesting isolate of Aspergillus section Nigri was isolated. It was recorded once on Czapek´s agar at 28ºC. The isolate was examined and identified macroscopically, microscopically and genotypically as Aspergillus homomorphus. It is recorded for the first time from millet grains and for only the third time since its original description in 1994. The strain was deposited at Assiut University Mycological Centre (AUMC), and the ITS sequence was deposited in the National Centre of Biotechnology Information (GenBank).

Keywords: Assiut University Mycological Centre – Czapek´s agar – DNA sequencing – Section Nigri – Yemen.


5. Characterization data sheet for the genus Auricularia

Authors: González-Colón PN and Maldonado-Ramírez SL

Recieved: 01 March 2017, Accepted: 23 March 2017, Published: 23 May 2017

The genus Auricularia includes wood decaying species of fungi, including edible ones. In Puerto Rico, Auricularia are generally found associated with decaying wood in humid forested areas. Although Auricularia is a cosmopolitan genus, which contains economically important species, the identification of collected specimens is often problematic. To facilitate the morphological characterization of Auricularia species, we selected various morphological characteristics and developed a detailed data sheet. After a validation process, the data sheet provided a new tool that facilitates the identification of specimens of Auricularia collected from the western region of Puerto Rico.

Keywords: Auriculariales – Basidiomycota – mushroom


6. Antagonistic role of hypha and cell-free culture filtrates of medicinal mushrooms to Verticillium sp. and Pythium sp. fungal pathogens

Authors: Mustafa Nadhim Owaid

Recieved: 08 March 2017, Accepted: 11 May 2017, Published: 23 May 2017

The aim of this experiment is to study the effects of interspecific interactions of three medicinal mushrooms (Coriolus versicolor, Hericium erinaceus and Lentinula edodes) on the growth of two fungal pathogens (Verticillium sp. and Pythium sp.) using dual culture plate assay. In single cultures in PDA plates, overgrowth of mushrooms was completed after 5, 11, and 12 days for C. versicolor, L. edodes, and H. erinaceus respectively. Generally, C. versicolor presented the fastest mycelial growth in dual culture after incubation for ten days. From another side, the best significant (p<0.01) inhibition was 67.13% and 65.28% by hyphal of C. versicolor toward Verticillium sp. and Pythium sp. respectively. While, the lower inhibition activity (26.76%) was recorded on Verticillium sp. plate by mycelia of H. erinaceus during 5 days. After 15 days, metabolites of fungi showed only on edges of L. edodes mushroom colonies in form shining golden drops. The solid medium of cell-free culture filtrate of C. versicolor exhibited best inhibition percentage of 6.67% against Verticillium sp. fungus significantly (p<0.01). While, Pythium sp. recorded the lower inhibition percentage on solid medium of L. edodes filtrate (2.27%). In general, Pythium sp. was more sensitive than Verticillium sp. on the solid media of cell–free culture filtrate of all mushrooms.

Keywords: Dual culture – mycelial growth – Coriolus versicolor – Hericium erinaceus – Lentinula edodes


7. Antifungal activity of selected plant extracts against three pathogenic fungi of Gossypium herbaceum

Authors: Buch H and Arya A

Recieved: 10 February 2017, Accepted: 12 March 2017, Published: 25 May 2017

The aim of the study was to evaluate the antifungal activity of seven different plant extracts against pathogenic fungi of cotton viz. Alternaria alternata, Chaetomium globosum and Fusarium oxysporum. Cotton (Gossypium herbaceum L.) is an important cash crop of Gujarat and Maharashtra in India. Methanolic fractions of selected plants exhibited more promising results than aqueous fractions in suppressing the fungal growth.

Keywords: Gossypium herbaceum – Antifungal activity – Methanolic extract – Alternaria alternata – Chaetomium globosum – Fusarium oxysporum.


8. A checklist of macrofungi of Gorakhpur District, U.P. India

Authors: Vishwakarma P, Tripathi NN and Singh P

Recieved: 19 August 2016, Accepted: 15 March 2017, Published: 25 May 2017

This paper deals with the survey and identification of macrofungi of the north eastern part of Uttar Pradesh, especially Gorakhpur. During field surveys carried out in 2011–2015, a total of 250 macrofungi were collected. On the basis of macroscopic and microscopic study, a checklist of 153 species of macrofungi belonging to 34 families is presented. This checklist confirms the notion that north eastern parts of Uttar Pradesh host a rich biodiversity of macrofungi. 

Keywords: biodiversity – fungi – mushroom – taxonomy


9. Poorly known Kabatia species causing leaf spots disease on honeysuckle in Kazakhstan

Authors: Rakhimova YV, Yermekova BD and Assylbek AM

Recieved: 30 March 2017, Accepted: 12 June 2017, Published: 21 June 2017

Three poorly known species of the Kabatia were found in Kazakhstan. Symptoms of disease on living leaves of various species of honeysuckle are the similar for all species of Kabatia. Kabatia persica is typical for the southern regions of Kazakhstan, Kabatia periclymeni for the south-east. The distribution area of Kabatia mirabilis is wider, the species is found in the eastern (Altai) and south-eastern (Trans-Ili Alatau) regions.

Keywords: conidium – conidiomata – lesion – Lonicera – typical symptoms


10. New records of Leptogium species in Brazil with identification key to insular species from São Paulo State

Authors: Kitaura MJ, Augusto BO and Benatti MN

Recieved: 27 May 2017, Accepted: 08 June 2017, Published: 27 June 2017

A survey of cyanolichen species occurring in Cananéia, Cardoso, Comprida and Ilhabela Islands of São Paulo State, Brazil, revealed the occurrence of sixteen species belonging to the genus Leptogium. The survey is based on literature review and on newly collected material. Two species (L. milligranum and L. sulcatum) are newly reported for Brazil and two others (L. atlanticum and L. denticulatum) for the studied islands, while L. azureum, L. cyanescens, L. isidiosellum and L. moluccanum were recollected by us. Descriptions for all insular species, along with an identification key are also presented.

Keywords: Brazil – Collemataceae – cyanolichens – distribution – islands


About CREAM Journal

Current Research in Environmental & Applied Mycology (Journal of Fungal Biology) publishes reviews, research articles and methodology papers and articles in environmental and appied mycology. The official journal language is English.

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