Volume 5 - Issue 1

Article Number 1

Influence of geographical location and growth condition on some morphological and nutritional parameters in Pleurotus tuber-regium species as revealed by morphometric and proximate analyses


Anyakorah CI, Taiwo IA, Unwana-Abasi JI

Received 10 July 2014
Accepted 20 December 2014
Published Online 16 January 2015
Corresponding Author Caroline I. Anyakorah - anyacaro2003@yahoo.com
Abstract The investigation was conducted to assess the influence of geographical location and growth under two different light conditions on some morphological and nutritional attributes of Pleurotus tuber-regium mushroom. The mushroom sclerotium was collected from four different locations in Nigeria, planted in loamy soils and kept under complete darkness and 12 h daylight/12 h dark conditions respectively. The results showed that light condition significantly (p<0.001) influenced height and fresh weight (p<0.01). Mushrooms grown under complete darkness were taller compared to those grown under 12 h daylight/12h darkness. Furthermore, mushrooms collected from the South (Enugu 1) were the tallest as compared to those obtained from the North (Kano). The range in the values obtained for stipe length, pileus diameter and fresh weight under 12h day/ light condition was 5.6+1.47 - 8.0+1.44cm, 4.7+2.08 - 6.9+2.18cm and 18.4+3.79 - 22.3+3.79g respectively. Corresponding values for those produced under complete darkness were 6.8+0.44 – 9.2+0.47cm, 3.8+1.11 - 5.0+1.75 and 14.0+2.25 – 17.0+3.28g respectively. The level of protein, fat, fiber and moisture varied from locations. In view of the dietary and economic importance of mushrooms, it is apparent that location and growth conditions could be of importance when considering nutritional and morphological attributes of the fungus.
Keywords dendrogram – distribution – light – morphology – mushroom – nutrient – sclerotium
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Article Number 2

Synergistic interaction between Fusarium solani and Ganoderma lucidum, two root pathogens of Dalbergia sissoo


Bhatia P, Harsh NSK, Dubey RC

Received 22 August 2014
Accepted 20 December 2014
Published Online 17 January 2015
Corresponding Author Pallavi Bhatia - b.pallavi1988@gmail.com
Abstract In nature different pathogens cause diseases on a common host plant which may develop simultaneously and can infect the same host at a time. Co-occurring pathogens may affect each other, through antagonism and/or synergism. In Dalbergia sissoo, Ganoderma lucidum and Fusarium solani are two serious pathogens which cause root rot and vascular wilt diseases, respectively and are responsible for large scale mortality of this tree species. These two pathogens were tested to find out whether they live in a synergistic way or inhibit one another. Results showed that these two pathogens can co-exist on the same host plant at the same time and cause disease in Dalbergia sissoo independently. None of these fungi affect adversely the growth of other fungus; instead they favour the growth of each other.
Keywords Antagonism – disease – mortality – root rot – vascular wilt
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Article Number 3

Schiffnerula dioscoriae sp. nov. from Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala


Nair NN, Mathew KL, Swapna S

Received 03 November 2014
Accepted 24 December 2014
Published Online 26 January 2015
Corresponding Author Neeta N. Nair - neeta.sanjeev@yahoo.com
Abstract A new species of the genus Schiffnerula on Dioscorea wallichii, collected from Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala, India, is described and illustrated in detail.
Keywords Black mildew – India – new species – Western Ghats
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Article Number 4

In-vitro antifungal and anticancer potential of Xylaria curta fruiting body fractions against human fungal pathogen and cancer cell lines


Ramesh V, Santosh K, Pavunraj M, Karunakaran C, Rajendran A

Received 04 November 2014
Accepted 18 December 2014
Published Online 29 January 2015
Corresponding Author A Rajendran - arvhnsnbotany@yahoo.co.in
Abstract In the present study, the dried fruiting bodies were extracted and fractionized by column chromatography method. Fractions were tested for anticancer and antifungal activity against human cancer cell lines and fungal strain respectively. Phytochemical analysis was performed by colour tests to characterize the putative compounds responsible for this bioactivity. Among the various fraction, fraction D was found to be the best for the bioactive principles from Xylaria curta. Fraction D showed a maximum inhibition zone of 22.9 mm against Candida albicans and also had significant cytotoxic activity of 58.5% against A-549 human Lung cancer cell lines at a concentration of 60 μg/mL. These results indicate that partially purified extract of Xylaria curta as source of eco friendly potent pharmaceutical new drugs for controlling human fungal pathogens and human cancer cell lines.
Keywords Ascomycete fungi – bioactivity – human cancer cell lines – MTT assay – partial purification
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Article Number 5

Taxonomic study on the coprophilous mushrooms from Punjab, India: new records of family Agaricaceae


Amandeep K, Atri NS, Munruchi K

Received 04 November 2014
Accepted 18 December 2014
Published Online 30 January 2015
Corresponding Author Amandeep Kaur - amandeepbotany75@gmail.com
Abstract This paper deals with the taxonomy of nine species, namely Agaricus cupreobrunneus, A. halophilus, Coprinus comatus var. caprimammillatus, C. cordisporus, Lepiota epicharis var. occidentalis, L. thrombophora, L. subincarnata, L. xanthophylla and Leucocoprinus straminellus, belonging to the family Agaricaceae of the order Agaricales. The collections were made from various dung localities of Punjab state in India. All these taxa are described along with their dung sources, illustrated with line drawings of morphological and anatomical features and compared with similar taxa. Out of these, Agaricus halophilus, Coprinus comatus var. caprimammillatus and C. cordisporus are the first time records from India. Agaricus cupreobrunneus, Lepiota epicharis var. occidentalis, L. thrombophora, L. subincarnata, L. xanthophylla and Leucocoprinus straminellus are new records for North India. Habitat photographs of all the taxa are given. A key to aid in determining their genus is also presented.
Keywords Agaricus – Coprinus – herbivorous dung – Lepiota – Leucocoprinus – taxonomy
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Article Number 6

Three new records of black mildew fungi from India


Bhise MR, Patil CR, Salunkhe CB

Received 22 November 2014
Accepted 31 December 2014
Published Online 14 February 2015
Corresponding Author Mahendra R. Bhise - mahendrabhise17@gmail.com
Abstract The present paper deals with three new records of black mildew fungi belonging to Meliolales, collected on different host plants from Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra, India. These are, Meliola luzonensis, M. sideroxyli and M. ventilaginicola reported for the first time from India on hitherto unreported hosts.
Keywords Meliola – Mahabaleshwar – Maharashtra – Western Ghats
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Article Number 7

Proximate composition and antioxidant activity of Panaeolus antillarium, a wild coprophilous mushroom


Dulay RMR, Cabalar AC, De Roxas MJB, Concepcion JMP, Cruz NE, Esmeralda M, Jimenez N, Aguilar JC, De Guzman EJ, Santiago JQ, Samoy JR, Bustillos RG, Kalaw SP, Reyes RG

Received 08 November 2014
Accepted 31 January 2015
Published Online 15 February 2015
Corresponding Author Rich Milton R. Dulay - richmiltondulay@yahoo.com
Abstract Panaeolus antillarium remains to be underutilized mycological resource in the Philippines. Thus, this present work established the nutraceutical and funtional attributes of this coprophilous mushroom. The mycochemical and proximate nutrient composition were analyzed and its antioxidant activity as affected by the different media and pH levels was studied. Radical scavenging activity and total phenolic content were used as parameters for antioxidant property. Extracts of P. antillarium contained appreciable amounts of alkaloids, saponins, and cardiac glycosides. Nutrient composition analysis revealed that mycelia had higher amounts of crude fiber (7.05 ± 0.04), crude fat (1.96 ± 0.06), moisture (11.85 ± 0.01) and total carbohydrate (61.12 ± 0.01) than its corresponding fruiting bodies. On the other hand, the fruiting bodies had higher amounts of ash (5.26 ± 0.03), crude protein (16.77 ± 0.01), and energy value (321.49 ± 0.04) than its mycelia. Potato broth significantly had the highest mean volume loss (14.5 ± 2.50 ml), mycelia weight (4.5 ± 0.65 g), scavenging activity (16.06 ± 0.51%) and phenolic content (25.07 ± 0.02 mg AAE/g sample). However, varying pH levels of potato broth did not significantly affect the mycelial growth, but pH 7.0 recorded the highest scavenging activity (17.39 ± 0.19%) and total phenolic content (25.11 ± 0.01 mg AAE/g sample). Herein, these significant data suggest that P. antillarium is another potential source of substances and nutrients with functional attributes such as antioxidant which strongly infuenced by different media and pH levels.
Keywords Panaeolus antillarium – proximate analysis – mycochemicals – antioxidant – coprophilous mushrooms
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Article Number 8

Elephant dung-inhabiting macrofungi in the Western Ghats


Karun NC, Sridhar KR

Received 17 October 2014
Accepted 12 January 2015
Published Online 15 February 2015
Corresponding Author Kandikere R. Sridhar - kandikere@gmail.com
Abstract Six species of macrofungi in five genera were documented growing on elephant dung located in the Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary of Western Ghats of Karnataka (Conocybe pubescens, Coprinus patouillardii, Panaeolus fimicola, Podosordaria elephanti, Psilocybe coprophila and P. fimetaria). Among these, Coprinus patouillardii, Panaeolus fimicola and Psilocybe fimetaria are the first record, while Conocybe pubescens is new record on elephant dung in the Western Ghats. Including the present study, so far a total of 31 species of macrofungi have been reported on elephant dung of the Western Ghats. Some of the elephant dung-inhabiting macrofungi were also found on other herbivore dung in the Western Ghats and elsewhere. Future inventories on macrofungi inhabiting on dung of domestic/tamed, conserved and wild elephants to fill our knowledge gap on their diversity and to open up scope to harness their bioactive potential.
Keywords herbivore dung – Karnataka – macrofungi – Western Ghats – wildlife sanctuary
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Article Number 9

Prillieuxina aeglicola sp. nov. (ascomycota), a new black mildew fungus from Himachal Pradesh, India


Gautam AK

Received 24 June 2014
Accepted 04 February 2015
Published Online 02 March 2015
Corresponding Author Ajay K. Gautam - a2gautam2006@gmail.com
Abstract A black mildew infection was observed on leaves of Aegle marmelos from Himachal Pradesh, India. The fungus as a species of Prillieuxina was characterized by substraight, branched hyphae without appressoria and setae; orbicular thyriothecia and brown uniseptate ascospores. Prillieuxina and its species are host specific fungi and no earlier reports on A. marmelos. Therefore new species is described and illustrated in the present paper based on morphology and specificity of host association.
Keywords Black mildew – India –new species – Prillieuxina – taxonomy  
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Article Number 10

First records of Monoblepharella taylori Sparrow (Monoblepharidales) in Brazil


Rocha JRS, Sousa NDC, Macêdo MAM, Saraiva LS, Santos LA, Sousa ALM, Costa MFV, Sales PCL, Cronemberger AA, Gomes AS, Rodrigues EP, Barros BSV, Sousa LMA, Silva DFM

Received 25 November 2014
Accepted 28 February 2015
Published Online 14 March 2015
Corresponding Author José de Ribamar de Sousa Rocha - ribamar10@hotmail.com
Abstract Studies of zoosporic organisms carried out in Teresina, state of Piauí, and Timon, state of Maranhão, Brazil, enabled the collection of isolates that were identified as M. taylori. These are the first records of the species occurring in Brazil. Description and images are presented in this article.
Keywords Maranhão – Piauí – poti – zoosporic organism
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Current Research in Environmental & Applied Mycology publishes reviews, research articles, methodology papers, taxonomic works such as monographs, and checklists which are relevant to fungal biology, including lichens. The official journal language is English.

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