Volume 3 - Issue 2

Article Number 1

A new species of Poronia from India


Hembrom ME, Parihar A, Das K

Received 29 August 2013
Accepted 23 September 2013
Published Online 10 October 2013
Corresponding Author Kanad Das - daskanadbsi@gmail.com
Abstract A new species: Poronia radicata,collected from the historical Aacharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, India is described and illustrated. This species can be characterized by long underground branched rooting base, terminally branched stromata, capitate with an expanded and flattened stromatal disc, absence of paraphyses and apical germ pore (at maturity) and comparatively small sized ascospores with rounded germ pore. Its comparison with the allied species is also mentioned in the present paper.
Keywords Macrofungi – Poronia – taxonomy – Xylariaceae
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Article Number 2

Sex: a welcome frontier in truffle cultivation


Thomas PW

Received 05 September 2013
Accepted 25 September 2013
Published Online 10 October 2013
Corresponding Author Paul W Thomas - Paul@PlantationSystems.com
Abstract Truffles are one of the most highly prized of all fungi. Recent advances and genetic studies have furthered our understanding of the mode by which these fungi reproduce. The understanding that some truffle species require a mating partner in order to produce fruiting bodies leads to many questions and opportunities in truffle cultivation. Here, a summary and analysis of the most recent work is presented. The potential applications of this understanding are discussed along with proposals for in-field modifications to improve the truffle yields of plantations.
Keywords Cultivation – heterothallic – plantation – Tuber melanosporum
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Article Number 3

ITS-based diversity of Colletotrichum from India


Sharma G, Pinnaka AK, Shenoy BD

Received 22 August 2013
Accepted 26 September 2013
Published Online 23 October 2013
Corresponding Author Belle Damodara Shenoy - shenoynio@gmail.com
Abstract Rapid and precise species identification of plant pathogens such as Colletotrichum is essential for their effective control. Colletotrichum species have been traditionally identified based on conidial morphology and host-specificity. Recently, extra emphasis has been placed on DNA sequence comparison for rapid and accurate identification. In this study, we have analyzed the suitability of using internal transcribed spacer (ITS)/ 5.8S rRNA gene, which is the universal fungal barcode marker towards accurate identification of Colletotrichum species. We have sequenced 207 isolates of Colletotrichum and compared their ITS/ 5.8S rRNA gene-sequence data with that of the 183 reference sequences available for the 143 accepted Colletotrichum type strains. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on ITS/ 5.8S rRNA gene-sequence dataset along with sequence-comparison hints at the nomenclatural ambiguity of many isolates, which were initially diagnosed based on morphological characters. A local-BLAST analysis of the 588 GenBank sequences from India shows that 79% of the sequences were erroneously named and 97% of the 159 isolates procured from Indian culture collection centres were found to be misidentified. Mycologists need to work on identification of a potential secondary barcode for this genus as ITS/ 5.8S rRNA is found to be ineffective in accurate identification of Colletotrichum. Researchers should also follow a polyphasic approach for species identification, which would definitely not be rapid; nevertheless would be more reliable and accurate.
Keywords Barcoding – NCBI-BLAST – GenBank – species identification
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Article Number 4

Lichens of Gujarat state, India with special reference to coastal habitats


Nayaka S, Ingle KK, Bajpai R, Rawal JR, Upreti DK, Trivedi S

Received 02 August 2013
Accepted 19 November 2013
Published Online 05 December 2013
Corresponding Author Sanjeeva Nayaka - nayaka.sanjeeva@gmail.com
Abstract The present communication reports 39 lichen species from Gujarat state, belonging to 23 genera and 13 families. The lichens were collected mostly from 10 coastal districts of the state. A total of 21 species are new additions to the lichen mycota of Gujarat while 11 partially identified species are expected to be new to science. The paper emphasizes the uniqueness of coastal habitats in terms of interesting lichen mycota.
Keywords biodiversity – coastal area – lichenized fungi – mangrove
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About CREAM Journal

Current Research in Environmental & Applied Mycology publishes reviews, research articles, methodology papers, taxonomic works such as monographs, and checklists which are relevant to fungal biology, including lichens. The official journal language is English.

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